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ITALY

Campania

Province of Avellino
Province of Benevento
Province of Caserta
Province of Naples
Province of Salerno
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Campania

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Map Campania

General Information
Campania is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Conventionally it belongs to South Italy.
Administrative division
Region Campania is administratively divided in 5 provinces: Province of Avellino, Province of Benevento, Province of Caserta, Province of Naples, Province of Salerno
Territory
In addition to the administrative division, Campania includes the following territories: Amalfi Coast
The whole region includes approximately 5701931 inhabitants.
Capital of Campania: Naples

The Territory
THE CILENTO LAND
Turismo e Dintorni
The Cilento
Those who love the sea cannot miss out on taking a dive in the clean, clear waters along the coast of Cilento, that can be proud of its number of Blue Flags and “Sails” from Legambiente (an acknowledgement of the best seaside resorts) obtained through the years.
This is a territory full of contrasts, ranging from sandy beaches to the summits of mountains that descend into the sea creating enchanting high, rocky coastlines; a land of gentle hills covered with expanses of olive trees that reflect in the blue of the Tyrrhenian, at the same time a land of rough morphological features carved out by vibrant streams, chestnut and holm-oak woods, towns rooted among the rocks or stretched out along the sea banks.
A landscape that preserves its traditional features shaped by the organisation of the land, the intertwining of paths, the structure of cultivation and the network of settlements.
Just as natural species within geographical environments, the various populations have found a point of contact and fusion in these locations. The enrichment of the genetic heritage is superbly testified by the cultural traditions and civilisations of the Mediterranean, through the network of paths, settlements, sanctuaries, still existent today, and archaeological finds.
The presence of primitive man can still be felt today through the findings spread along the coastal grottos of Palinuro and Scario, throughout the mountain ranges (Grottos of Castelcivita), and in Vallo di Diano (dell’Angelo and Pertosa Grottos).
It is precisely from these ancient paths that the big adventure of the early communities began, establishing contact, exchanges and relations with populations from the sea and the Apennines.


Cilento: An emotion to live
TeD Gif
Tramonto
Gelbison Mountain
Anemona
Pertosa
Paestum...
Infreschi bay
Cilento an emotion to live!
It is difficult to find an area which its ancient history underpinned so commendable with one of the most modern aspect of the contemporary life, the tourism, until to change it in a unique experience for who is lucky to live it.
This area is called Cilento.

It is reaches out from Piana di Paestum to Golfo di Sapri, with a territory morphology that starting from high mountains peaks arrives till the jagged coastlines.
The sea cherishing our coastlines locks up in itself sea beds where it is possible catch, in the Sea Park, protected sea life giving great emotion to whom visit them and take photos.
In this territory our history lives with ruins and traces coming from prehistoric age till our most recent history.
Location like Paestum, Velia, Roscigno Vecchia,the Borgo antico di San Severino di Centola, la Costa di Palinuro e Camerota con le Torri Saracene, and many others more, oozes in every stone, in every corner, signs of our past life, of our origin.
The tourist who will visit Cilento, will be lucky to live not the usual holiday, often empty of contents, but will leave with the emotion to have discovered something to unexpected to find at one go in a sole area.
Cilento left to whom visits it with the right respect for the beauties, the emotions for new discoveries, the amazement for the inhabitants natural born sense of hospitality, the overconfidence that coming here more times again he always will be able to discover new emotions, to live new sensations in the harmony that these places get.
Inside the Cilento borders stay the Parco Nazionale del Cilento and Vallo di Diano, the second in Italy for extension and represents the better way to protect the plant life and fauna proper of these areas.
For the hiking funs the Park represents a paradise to discover from the coastlines till to Monte Cervati (1900 m. a. sea) following the flora and fauna changeable landscapes contained in it: in a continuous colours and smells changing, passing through from a typical Mediterranean flora to that is characteristic of the mountain peaks, from sparrows to the golden eagle, from lizards to dears.
Cilento has seen pass through a lot of ethnic group on its lands and each of them left something in the local people: today the rests of this rainbow of cultures can be found in the small medieval villages climbed on the hill crowning the coastlines.
The hand of the man is not able yet to destroy the main features of our land, that in many location are still undamaged.
Discover Cilento is not so simple and to complete in a sole trip: it needs come back in because only in this way it will be possible to try to enter in the aim of this territory.
For the good food lovers, we know the origin of “Dieta Mediterranea” coming from Cilento: from here passed through personages from every field of culture and everybody have praised the beauty of coastlines, the typical morphological movement making the high peaks about dive into the clear water of our sea.
Cilento has not only to be known, it has to be lived, in every own corner, in every own contradiction.
Who love know, will love Cilento!

It can certainly assert that Cilento, in the national tourist outlook, represents a reality that be worth one’s while to know because it still keeps inside something to naive in the management of tourist resources that make it, also for these reasons, deserving to a visit.
The Turismo e Dintorni DMC and Service provider, has like mission, to create a logistic support, a datum point for all that would like to discover new and most interesting tourist routes.
We intend to pick locations and programs based on your clients needs.
We are able to resolve all problems typical of a tourist planning or route: from the choice to hotels and/or villages offering the highest level of quality, to build together the right rates for the service request.
Often it distrusts to organise trips in no so well or badly knowing locations and we are here to help you to know them free from hesitations or biases.
Surely to your interest and ready to give you an answer to every question, we remain, your sincerely.
Best Regards

Giuseppe Orlando
+39 366 4279760


History

Folklore, Culture and Traditions

Monuments and Places
AGROPOLI
The Door of Agropoli old
Agropoli
Velia: Anfiteatro e Torre
The town of Agropoli in the Province of Salerno is defined as the doorway to the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, rising on a headland that dominates the southern side of the gulf of Salerno behind the mountains of Cilento.
Agropoli can be reached by car, bus, trains running on the Naples-Reggio Calabria line, and by sea on ferries and hydrofoils run by Metrò del Mare, the shipping line that connects Salerno with Cilento and Amalfitan coastal towns. In addition to this, the tourist harbour of Agropoli boasts 1200 spaces where boats can be moored.
Sea, history, gastronomy, nature and hospitality are the elements that make Agropoli an important tourist and seaside resort of the Province of Salerno.
In fact, one of the strong points of the town of Agropoli is the wide range of tourist accommodation available: hotels, bed & breakfast, farm holiday accommodation (agriturismo), rooms to let, that provide a variety of year-round opportunities to satisfy the vast numbers of tourists that visit Cilento.
There are also campsites that can be found behind beautiful beaches, these beaches a feature that makes Agropoli one of the purest tourist destinations in the province of Salerno, along with other towns of Cilento.
Among the many beaches, the most well-known is without doubt the bay of Trentova, that every year has been awarded the Blue Flag from Legambiente. Towards Cilento, Agropoli is characterised by small inlets, whereas towards Salerno a vast beach extends as far as Paestum.
However, Agropoli is more than just natural beauty, it also has history. This small Cilentan town was in fact surmounted from a beautiful medieval village in line with the coast and port, where numerous traditional cilentan bars and restaurants make for an even more pleasant visit. The old town of Agropoli can be accessed by the “scaloni” (big steps), a distinctive incline characterized by a series of low, wide steps. At the top of these steps is a very well conserved monumental gate.
On the summit of the headland lies an Angevin-Aragonese castle of triangular design with 3 circular towers and a large, deep moat. The inside of the Castle of Agropoli is taken up by the parade-ground, today used as an open theatre that, during the summer months, is host to historical, cultural, folkloristic and musical events.


ASCEA-VELIA
The tower of Velia (old Elea)
Sea of Ascea
Ascea old
Camerota: Baia Infreschi
Cala Bianca
Camerota Church
Church of S. Maria
Castellabate Medieval
S. Maria di Castellabate
San Marco
Punta Licosa
Capo Palinuro
Palinuro-Panorama
The town of Ascea, found in the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano in the province of Salerno, is an important tourist destination of the Cilento coast. It can be reached by trains running on the Reggio Calabria line, and by car from the A3 motorway. The Elea-Velia archaeological area, declared part of UNESCO, extends along an evocative headland.
Elea-Velia was founded in 540 BC by the Phocaeans, and was above all famous for the School of Philosophy (Eleatic school) founded by Parmenides and Zeno of Elea.
Elea-Velia was also the seat of the Eleatic Medical School, from which descended the Salerno Medical School that throughout the centuries immortalized its inspirers.
The entire archaeological area was originally due to be divided into three sections. Two of which recognizable as true military quarters, agora, thermal system, sanctuary and an Acropolis. The latter is today overlooked by the Castle of Sanseverino and is characterised by ruins of the small theatre that date back to the III century BC.
The jewel of this ancient city is the Porta Rosa (“the Rosa Gate”, named after the wife of the discoverer Mario Napoli), the most majestic Greek civil monument that can be found in the Magna Graecia. It stands as a frontal wall with a central opening at the bottom, just like an arched doorway.
In the summer, amid this breath-taking scenery, one of the most enchanting shows of the province of Salerno takes place, the Velia Theatre, a kermess of tragic and comedic expressions of classical theatre.
Ascea is an important seaside resort in the province of Salerno, that in recent years has been awarded the Blue Flag from Legambiente. The coast of the Marina of Ascea is made up of a beautiful beach full of lidos, that are present all along this part of the Cilento coast and that are equipped to satisfy the needs of the whole family.
In addition to the sea, the surrounding nature makes for pleasant excursions that are ideal for those who enjoy trekking, rafting or horse riding. And there is no better way to end these days spent among nature, archaeology or at the sea, than to sample the most traditional Cilentan dishes in the many restaurants on offer in Ascea.
Furthermore, the hot els and accommodation in Ascea are all located within close proximity to the beaches and the archaeological ruins of Velia.
Every year the hotels, resorts, residences and campsites offer a variety of options suitable for a weekend break in Cilento, or for full family holidays.


Camerota
Turismo e Dintoni
The town of Camerota, a heritage of UNESCO, is found in the Province of Salerno in the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano.
Camerota, in Cilento, can be reached by car from the A1 in direction Salerno, from the Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, or the SS18, or by train, alighting at Pisciotta station and from here daily buses run connections between all towns along the Cilento coast.
Among the touristic settings of Cilento, Camerota is distinguished by the beauty of its beaches, its uncontaminated environment, its religious monuments, its traditions and mythology. In fact it is from this mythology that the Cilentan town gets its name; or rather from the young girl Kamaraton, who fell in love, that was unrequited, with Palinuro, the helmsman from Enea.
The fraction of Camerota, Marina di Camerota, has the most to offer tourists. It is a fishing village that has become a national and international tourist destination, a true gem of Cilento.
Marina di Camerota contains all the prominent elements of the Cilento tourist attractions: uncontaminated nature, hidden coves, small grottos only reachable by sea, cuisine typical of Cilento, and above all, accommodation that allows you to spend a holiday of nature and relaxation.
Hotels, holiday resorts, bed & breakfast, camping, farm holiday accommodation give a variety of options for tourists that satisfy every need.
Anyone who comes on holiday or spends a weekend in Marina di Camerota, will find it hard to forget the stunning beaches: from those with fine sand to those found between jutting rocks, not to mention Cala degli Infreschi, a large cove that is a perfect semicircle.
And not forgetting the village of Lentiscosa, a small fraction of Camerota immersed among the olive groves. It is from these groves that the Cilentan olive oil is obtained, the principal element of all dishes in the Mediterranean diet, that can be sampled in the many restaurants of Camerota.
For the younger tourists, Cilento offers several internationally known events and shows. Among these is the Meeting del Mare, a musical event that takes place in Marina di Camerota on the last weekend of May.


Castellabate
The town of Castellabate, within the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, is one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the Province of Salerno, thanks to the perfect mix of history and seaside, that does not forget the local traditions and cuisine of Cilento.
Castellabate, that for its beauty has been declared a UNESCO world heritage, is well connected to its neighbour Agropoli by buses and trains that arrive from Salerno, and a seasonal shuttle bus that connects this small Cilentan community to Agropoli train station.
The name of this well-known tourist location of Cilento is linked to the history of the town, that rose around a fortified castle, erected by Abate (Abbot) Costabile Gentilcore in 1123.
The town of Castellabate and its fractions offer various types of accommodation, simple and welcoming and immersed in natural landscapes of rare beauty. Passing through the olive groves, from which the famous Cilento oil is obtained, you arrive at the coast and at three of its fractions: San Marco di Castellabate, Santa Maria di Castellabate and Ogliastro Marina.
San Marco di Castellabate is a small holiday centre, characterised by a small tourist harbour of Greek-Roman origin, and a well equipped beach with lidos.
Santa Maria di Castellabate is a fishing village situated in an inlet between Punta Tresino and Punta Licosa (from the name of the mermaid Leukosia), the latter without doubt the most fascinating and stunning location of the Cilento Coast and Province of Salerno.
Another unforgettable journey, along a path only accessible by foot, is that which crosses a wooded park opening up to hidden and sheltered lanes and crystal clear waters that make up the Marine Reserve and the Underwater Marine Park of Punta Licosa.
Nearby the Park of Punta Licosa is the Bay of Ogliastro Marino, a well-known Blue Flag of Cilento, famous throughout the world as the chosen location of the Caretta Caretta turtle to lay its eggs.
S. MARIA DI CASTELLABATE
The famous beach centre of Santa Maria is located on the north end of Castellabate bay. Preserved from international mass tourism, you will not find any high concrete buildings. You'll enjoy the charm of the traditional white houses with their shiny red roofs and the waterfront with its bright and relaxing sandy beaches. Because of the beautiful coasts, marvellous beaches and its natural welcome, S. Maria has become an exclusive tourist destination in the last 20 years. The main street that goes through the village has a rich and very lively atmosphere. During the summertime S. Maria di Castellabate is the beating heart of Castellabate. S. Maria is also well known for its cosy “Antiquarium”, a famous vessels’ wrecks collection with amphorae and anchors testimony of the intense sea trading in Greek and Roman times. During the summer the Antiquarium is open on demand. S. Maria also hosts the Cityhall of Castellabate.
SAN MARCO DI CASTELLABATE
At the south end of Castellabate bay is the village of San Marco. The small fishermen's harbour is the starting point of wonderful sea tours, whether you wish to go fishing or simply visit the numerous small bays and beaches that can be reached only by sea. Behind the actual harbour you can see the ruins of the Greek-Roman harbour. Archaeological excavations found over the years, finds from ancient tombs that can be seen at the Paestum Museum. Departing from the harbour it is possible to have a beautiful walk to the Licosa Island (see next). From the harbour you can also walk, next to the sea, across a beautiful natural path to the “pozzillo” tip from where starts a long, shining sandy beach that connects S.Marco to S.Maria.


Town of Palinuro
Banner TeD
Situated at the heart of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, Palinuro, a fraction of Centola, is the most important seaside resort of Cilento and is among the preferred tourist destinations in the Province of Salerno.
Palinuro can be reached by car, train, bus and above all by sea on the frequent ferries and hydrofoils of Metro del Mare, that leave from Salerno every day and connect the main town with the other major centres along the coast of the province. As one of the main tourist attractions of Salerno, Palinuro has various types of accommodation to offer: hotels, bed & breakfast, farm holiday accommodation, rooms to let where to book and spend unforgettable holidays among the stunning scenery of the Cilento coast.
Of course not forgetting the many restaurants, where it is possible to sample the seafood specialities of the Cilentan cuisine.
Palinuro, that has the Blue Flag of Legambiente, gets its name from the helmsman of Enea that, according to tradition, died in the Cilentan waters. It is a seaside resort characterized by crystal seas, amazing sea beds, and coastal grottos that make Capo Palinuro one of the main sites of interest of sea-speleology in Italia.
Among the grottos of Palinuro, a favoured destination for lovers of diving, the most important is the Grotta Azzurra that every year is visited by a large number of tourists. It can be reached by sea on the frequent boats that leave from Palinuro harbour. The Grotta Azzurra in the Province of Salerno gets its name from the play of lights created by a duct 20 metres deep that allows the penetration of sunlight.
The Grotta dell’Ossa is also worth seeing, rich with fossil remains and the Arco Naturale, the symbol of Palinuro: a large rock straddling two beaches, modeled from winds and stretching out towards the sea.
A stop not to be missed for those visiting the beauty of Cilento is the Antiquarium of Palinuro. Inside it holds the remains of the necropolis of the VI century BC, discovered north of Palinuro. It is free to enter the Antiquarium of Palinuro and it is open every day from 09.00 to 13.00 and 16.00 to 20.00.


MORIGERATI
Oasis WWF Morigerati
Morigerati
The town of Morigerati is located in the National Park of Cilento behind the splendid Cilentan coast, and its land is home to the WWF Oasis of Morigerati.
Morigerati has the typical structure of an old medieval hamlet of the small towns of Cilento, and offers tourists delightful itineraries under the banner of nature, art and culture, and of local cuisine.
This Cilentan town can be reached by car from the Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, taking the Buonabitacolo exit and continuing in the direction of Caselle in Pittari until reaching the town of Morigerati; by train, alighting at Sapri train station and from there taking public bus services.
While undertaking a stunning nature itinerary, tourists will discover an unspoiled nature, of which the Oasis of the Grottos of Bussento, the second karstic phenomenon in Europe, stands out.
Within the WWF Oasis of Morigerati, it is also possible to admire plays of water and spectacular waterfalls created by the Bussento River.
The plant life is made up of Mediterranean maquis and the clear waters of the river hold a thriving marine life with trout, crayfish and crab. Also living in this paradise, in the heart of the National Park of Cilento, are mammals such as porcupine, wild cat and wolf, and numerous species of bird of prey.
The entire area therefore has all the features required by those who love to spend holidays rafting and trekking. The town of Morigerati also offers many historical-artistic beauties.
Worth visiting is the characteristic old town and the "Palazzo Florenzo", symbol of the social life of the town in centuries gone by.
Not to be missed is the Ethnographer Museum of Morigerati, where objects and documents of the cultural traditions of the Bussentino territory are gathered, with particular attention given to the work tools and handmade textiles.


PADULA
The Monastery
Certosa S. Lorenzo
Grande Chiostro
Primula Palinuri
Chiostro
Grotte di Pertosa
Speleology in the goutes
Grotte dell
The town of Padula is known worldwide for its stunning Carthusian Monastery of San Lorenzo, that makes this Cilentan town the main destination for religious tourism in the Province of Salerno and is among one of the most beautiful monuments of Italian artistic heritage.
Padula, and its monastery, can be reached by car from the Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, taking the Padula-Buonabitacolo exit and then following the SS 19, by buses running on the Sicignano-Lagonegro route, or by train, the closest stations being Sicignano degli Alburni and Sapri.
The Carthusian Monastery of San Lorenzo in Padula is a fascinating place, full of history and an intense spirituality.
In 1998 the monastery was declared a UNESCO Heritage of Humanity, and in 2002 the Campania district included it in the list of Major Cultural Attractions.
The architectural structure of the monastery of Padula is divided into two areas: the work area, and the residential area of the monks. A large boundary wall surrounded this enormous religious building. Around the external court was the grocery, the grocer’s house and the guest-quarters.
Within the walls was also the Park of the Carthusian Monestary of Padula, that once upon a time was the “Garden of the Cloister”.
In the church of the monastery, the monks found themselves in a rare moment of communal life. Sitting on one side, the monks not taking part in the vote of the cloister, and on the side, the Fathers of the cloister, who would arrive from an internal passage. Of particular interest is the high altar and the main door made out of cedar wood, dating back to 1374.
Unfortunately in the church, as in other parts of the monastery, many empty spaces testify to the suppression of the monastery by the French at the beginning of the nineteenth century, which caused the dispersion of several artistic treasures.
In a corner of the cloister of the small ancient cemetery, that the Fathers of the cloister used to cross to reach the church, is the Chapel of the Founder that contains the sixteenth-century sarcophagus of Tommaso Sanseverino.
When this area of the monastery fell into disuse, the monks decided to build a new cloister. This cloister, called ‘grande’ for its dimensions, was created from 1583, and was developed on two levels: the lower level, the porch with the cells of the Fathers, and above, the glass tunnel used for the weekly walk.
An double flighted, elliptical staircase of Vanvitellian style with 8 large windows, united the two levels of the grand cloister.
The Cell of the Prior is reached after passing through a large door that separates the area of the cells of the Fathers from all other areas so far described.
This location, in contrast to the small, austere cells of the monks, is an apartment containing 10 rooms, mainly characterized for its direct access to one of the most well equipped religious libraries in the world, that in the past held thousands of books, illuminated codes, and manuscripts.
A charming stone, spiral staircase opens fanwise and leads to the antechamber of the grand library of the Carthusian Monastery of Padula, of which however, only 2000 volumes remain. The Carthusian Monastery of Padula is the symbol of a great past, but is also at the centre of an important project that is aiming to unite austere art with contemporary works.
For this reason the Monastery of Padula was the seat of ‘Le Opere e i Giorni’, ‘Ortus Artis’, and ‘Fresco Bosco’ shows.
Given the ever increasing number of visitors, Padula has many types of accommodation to offer: hotels, bed & breakfast, farm holiday accommodation. All ideal places to stay and restore oneself, not only by visits to the Carthusian monuments, but also by taking part in excursions in the stunning woods that surround the Carthusian monastery.


PERTOSA
TeD
The town of Pertosa, within the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, is among the most important destinations for speleology tourism in the Province of Salerno and the South of Italy.
Pertosa can be reached by car from the Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, and by bus and train parting from Salerno railway station.
The name of Pertosa, that makes this Cilentan community famous throughout the world, is associated to the Angelo Grottos, the only grottos to be crossed by an underwater river.
The Angel Grottos, whose name comes from their use as a Christian place of worship in ancient times, are testimony to the magnitude and magic of nature. They are open all year round and can be visited with the aid of specialist guides.
After an enchanting crossing by boat, the grottos unwind into the heart of Cilento, in a fascinating series of natural rooms and tunnels, uncontaminated locations where the work of speleologists has resulted in an itinerary being created specifically for speleo-tourism.
The grottos of Pertosa are also the evocative home to two important events, that every year animate the Cilentan summer: the Negro Festival, a combined kermess of music, art, culture and nature, and ‘Dante’s Inferno in the Grottos of Pertosa’, during which the audience interacts with the actors, beginning the journey on ‘Charon’s boat’ and ending at the ‘Gates of Hell’. Also of particular interest are the Musei Integrati dell’Ambiente – MidA (Integrated Museums of the Environment), created in order to spread the science and knowledge, via shows and cultural initiatives, not only of the environmental heritage of the Angel Grottos, but also of the old town of Auletta and the Cilentan territory as a whole.
Numerous hotels, farm holiday accommodation, and bed & breakfasts welcome tourists, offering a variety of accommodation that is ideal for spending relaxing holidays immersed in nature. Pertosa, like all other towns of Cilento, is distinguished also by its culinary traditions. Worth sampling in the many restaurants of Pertosa, in addition to the typical dishes of Cilento, is the white artichoke of Pertosa, to which a festival is dedicated every year in May.


PISCIOTTA
Pisciotta
Pisciotta
Pisciotta from sea
The town of Pisciotta is one of the most suggestive of the Cilentan coast and the entire Province of Salerno.
Pisciotta can be reached by car from the Salerno – Reggio Calabria motorway, taking the Battipaglia exit and following the SS18/ Strada Statale Tirrena Inferiore; by train, alighting at Pisciotta – Palinuro railway station.
It is a picturesque village that rises on a hill looking out over the clear water of the Cilentan sea. The town of Pisciotta is unique for the beauty of its territory. On one side, the sea and the uncontaminated beaches, on the other side, the centuries-old olive trees and a panorama of the Cilentan coast. Pisciotta is thus an ideal holiday location for many tourists.
Campsites, holiday homes, flats, immersed in nature and close to the sea, offer quality service during the summer period.
There are also several restaurants in Pisciotta where tourists can sample the typical Cilentan dishes, and in particular the seafood traditions.
Walking down from the built-up area, along the road surrounded by the typical Cilentan olive trees, you reach Marina di Pisciotta, from where one can admire the entire Coast from Palinuro to Acciaroli. There are different types of beaches in Pisciotta.
On one side those made with pebbles, called “agliaredde”.
Among these, the most renowned are that of Gozzipuodi and Acqua Bianca, the latter owing its name to a sea so clean that you can admire the uncontaminated sea beds. Towards the South, after the fraction of Caprioli, sandy beaches welcome the tourists who have chosen Pisciotta, one of the small gems of the Cilentan Coast.
Standing almost as a guardian to the beauty of the seas, is the Tower of Pisciotta, a sixteenth century fortification built to defend against the Saracen raids.
For those who love excursions and quieter locations, there are several boats that leave from the well equipped port of Pisciotta, taking the tourists to hidden bays and small grottos.


ROSCIGNO
Roscigno "Pompei of 2000"
Roscigno old
From a historical point of view and thanks to its ancient traditions handed down over the centuries, the town of Roscigno is one of the most suggestive tourist destinations among all the towns of Cilento.
Roscigno can be reached by car from the Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, taking the Atena Lucana exit; by train, alighting at Atena Lucana station, and by private bus companies that also provide daily connections to and from Salerno.
In 1092, because of the danger of a landslide, the village was quickly abandoned leaving the old built-up area untouched to this day. After almost a century, the village of Old Roscigno was rediscovered in all its beauty and uniqueness.
It is no coincidence that Old Roscigno is defined as the “Pompeii of 2000” and is part of Unesco World Heritage.
The entire village, typical of the ancient rural civilizations, has remained intact, as if time has stood still. Narrow and uneven lanes, small iron balconies, workshops, stalls welcome the numerous tourists who come to Old Roscigno willing to go back in time to an uncontaminated and evocative location, and visit what has been defined “City-Museum”.
Over time it has been possible to understand the ancient customs of the Cilentan rural civilization, with the discovery of working and living tools, and historical photos which can be admired in the Museum of Rural Civilization of Old Roscigno.
This museum is open every day, from 9:00 to 13:00. On Saturday and Sunday also from 15:00 to 17:00. For further information and guided tours telephone 0828 963 377.
Famous all over the world, this Cilentan town is therefore a destination for many tourists, who can stay in one of the accommodations in Roscigno and its surrounding areas: hotels, bed & breakfast, farm holiday accommodation, and who can also sample, in the various restaurants, the typical Cilentan products, in particular the traditional rural dishes of Old Roscigno.


SAN GIOVANNI A PIRO
San Giovanni a Piro
Bosco
Scario: Il porto
The town of San Giovanni a Piro, and in particular its fraction Scario, are well-known seaside resorts of the Cilento Coast.
San Giovanni a Piro can be reached by car from the A3 Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, taking the Battipaglia exit and then following the SS 18 in the direction of Futani, and by train, alighting at Pisciotta-Caprioli station and then taking a bus.
This Cilentan town, a typical small village of the area, extends from the Bulgheria Mountain to the Gulf of Policastro and the Marina degli Infreschi, true sources of pride of the Salernitan seaside.
The picturesque fraction of Scario, one of the preferred destinations of tourists who choose the sea of Cilento, is characterized by a small promenade and a well equipped port, from which many boats leave on excursions along the coast. Among these, an excursion that takes you from Scario to Punta degli Infreschi, to Marina di Camerota.
Along this stretch of the Cilento coast there are numerous grottos and, above all, inlets only reachable by sea.
Punta degli Infreschi, with its crystal clear waters and wealth of marine fauna, is ideal for diving. It is no coincidence that Scario has often been awarded the four flags of Legambiente.
Scario has a variety of accommodation on offer: hotels, bed & breakfast, apartments, tourist resorts, villas and residences that every year welcome the vast numbers of tourists who choose Cilento as their holiday destination.
There are also many last minute offers and weekend deals to satisfy the needs of those who wish to immerge themselves, even for a few days, in the beauty of Scario. However, there is more to the town of San Giovanni a Piro than just its sea.
Climbing the Bulgheria Mountain it is possible to take in the view that goes from the Gulf of Policastro to the coast of Palinuro, while taking part in excursions that are ideal for lovers of trekking and nature walks.
And near the Bussento River, it is possible to go on canoe and rafting excursions.


SAPRI
Bay of Sapri
Sapri
La spiaggia
The town of Sapri, located in a bay of the Gulf of Policastro, is one of the most well-known tourist resorts of Cilento and the Province of Salerno.
Sapri can be reached by car from the A3 Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway; coming from the north, take the Padula-Buonabitacolo exit, or the Battipaglia exit, and following on to the SS 18, and from the south, the best exit to take is Lagonegro Nord.
It is also possible to arrive by train, the train station of Sapri being one of the most important on the Salerno-Reggio Calabria line. And above all, during the summer months, Sapri can be reached by sea on one of the Metrò del Mare lines that has daily connections between Salerno and the main towns of the Cilento Coast.
This Cilentan town is the main character of a famous Italian poem from the Risorgimento era, ‘La spigolatrice di Sapri’. It was written by Luigi Mercantini in memory of the tragic expedition of Carlo Pisacane and 300 of his men on the 2nd of July 1857, who, disembarking onto the coast of Sapri to begin a revolt, were killed by the Bourbon troops, giving way therefore to Garibaldi’s Expedition of the Thousand.
Every year during the month of August a costume commemoration of the landing takes place in memory of this landing.
Today Sapri is a predominantly tourist town and one of the favourite seaside destinations of tourists who choose to spend their holidays in the Province of Salerno.
Sapri has an uncontaminated environment, surrounded by wooded hills in the Torre Orsaia area, that descend toward a crystal clear sea. For almost a decade the citizens of Sapri have been proud to show off the Blue Flag of Legambiente awarded to its beach. The panoramic seafront of Sapri offers to its many tourists a large sandy beach, full of equipped lidos and facilities that offer sailing and windsurfing lessons.
There are also numerous types of accommodation in Sapri: hotels, campsites, residences, apartments, farm holiday accommodation. Whether on the seafront, or immersed in the Mediterranean maquis of Cilento, this variety of accommodation offers something to all tourists, even for weekend breaks on the Cilentan coast.
In the many restaurants it is possible to sample the local Cilentan dishes, in particular those with a basis of blue fish (anchovies, sardines and mackerel), a festival dedicated to which takes place in Sapri in August



Itinerairy
The province of Salerno is an immense region characterised by landscapes of pure nature, a past full of history and culture; an attractive territory to discover and enjoy.
The following routes represent the territorial identities, constituting the predefined thematic routes that are able to increase the immense value of the territory, in order to help the tourists explore unknown sites in a simple but satisfying manner, through a guide to the most interesting and characteristic resources.
This is a marketing tool that unites both the knowledge of the tourist areas and the promotion of the various local produce, in order to offer a complete and exhaustive visit of the diversity of the province of Salerno.
The aim is to develop a progressively more direct and permanent network of relations between all the tourist factors.
The results of the research into these journeys will produce, not only information on tourist-scenery and artistic-cultural locations of the regions taken into consideration, but also the events, businesses and offers that are associated to the chosen “virtual” destination.
In order to provide simple and insightful information, the routes have been subdivided into 6 categories: environmental, archaeological, historical, wine and gastronomy, craftsmanship and scholastic, intended as complete packages, consisting of locations to visit and places to stay.


The Grotta dell’Acqua (Water Grotto)
Groto Pertosa
Inferno di Dante
The Grotta dell’Acqua (Water Grotto)
Environmental itinerary

After leaving the Salerno - Reggio Calabria motorway at the Polla exit, take the provincial road to Petina, crossing the Roman bridge above the Tanagro River. After about 10 km, you come to the road leading to the Grotta dell’Acqua, located in the district of Auletta. This road, around 2 metres wide, goes through the woods of elms, hazelnut, maple and chestnut trees, and running alongside is a small stream, where the limpid and fresh waters that come from the grotto flow.
This journey can be done on foot, on horseback or with an all terrain vehicle.
In the underbrush there are ferns and wild strawberries. At the end of the path, there is a wide, beautiful grassy clearing. The grotto is not big, but is wider inside and has a discrete beauty. In order to reach its entrance you have to go along a track, fenced at its sides by a wooden stockade. In the area adjacent to the grotto is an area with tables and wooden benches, requested by the Comunità Montana del Tanagro.

This grotto is located in the district of Auletta and marks the boundaries of three villages: Corleto Monforte, Petina and Polla. Once out of the grotto, outside the marked footpath, it is possible to enter an uncontaminated natural environment where many people go in search of mushrooms.


Craftsmanship in Lambro and Mingardo
Craftsmanship in Lambro and Mingardo
Handicrafts itinerary

The journey to the Parco Nazionale del Cilento e del Diano (National Park of Cilento and Diano) offers the chance to discover the persistence and vitality of craftsmanship, of the wisdom and mastery of the local artisans and of their extraordinary ability to shape, mould and enhance a variety of materials. As with the natural and monumental panoramas, the craftsmanship also represents a very abounding framework, full of manufactured goods, shapes and decorations, where the identity and specificity of the regional culture are clearly manifested.
In Alfano there is the manufacture of iron hoes. This kind of craftsmanship is faced with the danger of extinction, however, it must be pointed out that the iron hoes of different dimensions are still manufactured on request using traditional processes, without the utilisation of modern tools or machines. Every product is skilfully made by hand, using the same old procedure.
In Camerota is the centuries-old manufacture of clay, used to create different shapes of pans. The “rancelle”, “mummuli” and “quartucci” are typical. The manufacture of fishing cords is also important here. In Celle di Bulgheria one can admire the elderly people working the wicker and transforming it into unique baskets, in which the virtuosity, accuracy, attention to detail, and the artistic and esthetical value reach extraordinary levels of expertise and bestow charisma, authenticity and symbolic appreciation upon this craft.
In some districts of the Comunità Montana Lambro e Mingardo the transformation of citruses and produce coming from the underbrush into liquors, syrups and jams is particularly significant.
The park represents a remarkable example of the best artisan-production of the region, and the considerable heritage that the local craft masters have handed down from generation to generation. It is a heritage that needs to be preserved and its value increased, by learning to recognise, appreciate and distinguish it.


La costa delle sirene
La costa delle sirene
Punta Licosa e Museo del Mare
Environmental itinerary
According to ancient sources, the headland of Licosa takes its name from that of the mermaid Leucosia who immersed herself here for the love of Ulysses. In reality however, it seems that there were two mermaids: Leucosia and Leukotia. Indeed, Homer refers to the headland of the “two sirens” when talking about the journey of Ulysses. This legend alone is enough to justify the unique charm that characterises this place.
The visit is made even more interesting and pleasant by the magnificent pine forest that faces the sea and the numerous pebbled lanes that seem almost to be carved along the rocky coast. Just as a true terrace, the Licosa headland stands out over the sea with its Mediterranean maquis, ruins, and the evidence testifying to the constant presence of man, dating back as far as the Greek Era and continuing through the Roman Era, up until today.
Finally, the impressive aquariums of the Museo del Mare in Pioppi allow the visitor to have a glimpse into the underwater world and discover the various species that live in the depths of the sea.


A tour on the Alburni mountains
A tour on the Alburni mountains
Environmental itinerary
The Comunità Montana degli Alburni stretches out for about 44,000 hectares, and is characterised by the mountain range of Alburni whose name derives from the Latin word “albus”, indicating the colour of its calcareous rock faces. The studious Gianpiero Indelli compares this massif to an eroded mandible with green gums and enormous protruding white molars, such as the Panormo Mountain (1742 metres), the highest peak of the range, as well as the Nuda, Spina dell’Ausino, Maria and the Figliuolo mountains.
There are also plenty of gorges, springs and many caves and grottos, among which the very famous Grotta di Castelcivita, the Grotta di San Michele near Sant’Angelo a Fasanella and Grotte di Pertosa. The flora is truly remarkable. On higher heights grow the alder, limetree, cerris, and above all beech, that creates an amazing underwood with wild strawberries, mushrooms and wild orchids. Within this marvellous frame of great naturalist interest, rise the various towns of this mountain region, remarkable from an historical and artistic point of view.
One can admire the charming craggy churches, the castles of Postiglione and Sicignano degli Alburni, the Angevin Tower of Castelcivita, the ducal castle of Aquara, and the Santuario della Madonna del Cordone in Ottati. The gastronomy offers genuine agricultural products among which are the many mushroom based dishes. The production of chestnuts, oil, meat and vegetables is also significant.


From Buccino to Romagnano al Monte
From Buccino to Romagnano al Monte
Environmental itinerary

After the finding of remarkable architectural artefacts and a necropolis Buccino, the “Ancient Volcei”, has become an attractive tourist destination, driving the development of agriculture, restaurant and hotels. From here one can reach the old village of Romagnano al Monte, an uninhabited village since 1980, as a result of the earthquake.
Abandoned for 27 years, one of the places that least suffered from the damages of the earthquake, and best preserved is the main square of the city, with the town hall to the right, the central bar and the Chiesa della Madonna del Carmine with its attached bell tower.
Nearby lies the old Primary School. Continuing through the narrow and disarranged lanes, the underlying basements used as stables or as cellars that preserved local oil and wine, are visible. There are very old houses in which you can still see the remains of dried up oregano, various spices and “salumi” , hanging from the ceiling.
This area is a natural gem owing to, the village, characterised by the adjoining structure of the houses that are sporadically separated by small alleys and lanes, the details of a particular ruined house or arches that hide narrow paths, the surrounding landscape, all located 700 m above the Platano River, on a calcareous rocky mountain.


Between the Cervati Mountain and the Bussento River
Between the Cervati Mountain and the Bussento River
Environmental itinerary
Morigerati, an old village located on the mountain ridge of the Cervati Mountain, the highest Apennine mountain in Campania (1898 m), lies in front of the Bussento River which, on the other side of the mountain, swallowed by the karstic rocks, disappears in an underground passage. The outflow of the river has been explored for 500 metres, as far as an 8 metres high waterfall.
Near the swallow, as for the opposite side, it is possible to descend for around 1,5 km, from the mountain road that crosses the Commune of Caselle in Pittari, crossing a very steep and wild path. Here one can appreciate an unique landscape of waterfalls, springs, small lakes and even an old seventeenth century mill. This mill is evidence of the presence of man, which until the 60’s has worked here, producing wheat and flour and transporting it along the mule track.
Following the Bussento River through the greenery of the superb vegetation, you reach a path that leads to the great cave from which the Bussento River flows, rich with trout, freshwater crayfish and crabs.


Gastronomy, wine and typical products
Gastronomy in Cilento
Carciofi
Pasta
Alici
Gastronomy in Cilento
From a gastronomic point of view the Cilento is a land to be tasted. Homeland of the Mediterranean diet, the area offers a wide selection of high quality products and features an enchanting panorama with no equal comparison.
What more can one ask from life after tasting one of the local DOP Bufalo mozzarellas in the shadow of the imposing Greek temples of Paestum?Pearly white colour, smooth and shinny texture, thin rind and an incomparable taste are the final result of the local mozzarella cheese producers of the Piana di Sele. It is possible to visit one of these small diaries which also propose a selection of tasty ricotta cheese, smoked provola cheese and yogurts.
The medium size crown-shape artichoke is often used in the preparation of typical traditional dishes such as: pizza with heart of carciofi, mixed in creamy pasta sauce or the an oven baked patty.
The local panorama features lines of olive trees from which an excellent intense and fruity olive oil "Cilento DOP" is extracted. Great dressing element for grilled fish, wild herb salads, boiled vegetables, legumes and basic ingredient for most pasta sauces.
The white bean of Controne, small, round shape and easily digestible, is often used in the local cooking: simple and tasty the "fagioli al tozzetto", laid on a bread-biscuit (fresella) and dressed with a touch of olive oil.
Another speciality is the white fig of the Agropoli area, dried and opened into two and filled with walnut, almond or lemon rinds and often covered with chocolate. Excellent also for the preparation of cake fillings and marmalade.
Not to miss: the chestnuts of Roccadaspide IGP, the anchovies of Menaica, caught by local fishermen with a traditional tecnique in use only in this part of the Coast, the soppressata (dried meat) of Gioi, the cacioricotta goat cheese, the caciocavallo podolico and the traditional mozzarella "co' a mortedda" (wrapped in citrus leaves on mrytle twigs), which gives a special herb and citrus flavour to the cheese.
To complete the experience of these generous and at the same time wild lands, we suggest a glass of rich wine DOC Castel San Lorenzo or DOC Cilento.


Sport, Fun and Free time

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Information to know

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  Links

 www.regione.campania.it - Official website of the Region Campania
 Campania hotel, bb, apartments. - Accommodation in Campania - Italy
 Campania by Italy Shire - Unconventional tours events and sightseeing in Campania with guide for tourism and photo galleries.
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 CASA ELISABETTA: magnifica vista sul Golfo di Palinuro - Due appartamenti con vista sul mare a Caprioli, tra Palinuro e Pisciotta. Comfort, relax, piscina per bambini e tanta natura.
 VILLA CECILIA: vacanza sul mare cristallo di Palinuro - Quattro appartamenti, i magnifici ulivi del giardino, la pace del giardino, il comfort degli appartamenti e l'ospitalità dei vostri ospiti.
 Campania Hotels Booking - Campania Hotels Booking engine for turis attraction and reservation system portal
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 TALIA, location de vacances en Italie - Découvrez nos locations de vacances dans la région Campanie.
 Hotels Campania - hotels, bed and breakfast, country houses in Campania
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 Inferno Blog - All about the novel Inferno
 Yacht Charter Naples - Make your dream Naples yacht charter a reality by entrusting Fraser Yachts with your requirements and wishes. Start planning your holiday here!
 Location maison piscine privée en Campanie - Talia vous propose de nombreuses et belles villas avec piscine privée en Campanie
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